The Theory


Burke, P.J., Crozier, G. and Misiaszek, L.I. (2017) Changing Pedagogical Spaces in Higher Education: Diversity, inequalities and misrecognition. London: Routledge.

Clegg, S. (2011) ‘Cultural capital and agency: Connecting critique and curriculum in higher education’. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 32 (1), 93–108.

Doyle, M., & Griffin, M. (2012) Raised aspirations and attainment? A review of the impact of Aimhigher (2004–2011) on widening participation in higher education in England, London Review of Education, 10:1, 75-88.

Freire, P (1972) Pedagogy of the oppressed Trans. Ramos, M.B. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.

Harrison, N and Waller, R (2017) Evaluating outreach activities: overcoming challenges through a realist ‘small steps’ approach, Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education, 21:2-3, 81-87.

Hayton, A (2018) ‘Network for Evaluating and Researching Widening Participation Interventions: A praxis-based framework’ in Burke, P.J, Hayton, A and Stevenson, J (2018) Evaluating Equity and Widening Participation in Higher Education, Trentham, London.

Hayton, A and Bengry-Howell, A. (2016) Theory, evaluation, and practice in widening participation: A framework approach to assessing impact. London Review of Education, 14 (3), pp. 41-53.

Lowe, H. & Cook, A. (2003). Mind the Gap: Are students prepared for higher education?, Journal of Further and Higher Education, 27(1): 53-76.

McGivney, V (1996) Staying or leaving the course Adults Learning, 1996, Vol.7 (6), p.133-136 National Institute of Adult Continuing Education.

McInnis, C., James, R. & McNaught, C. (1995). First Year on Campus: diversity in the initial experiences of Australian undergraduates, Melbourne, University of Melbourne Centre for the Study of Higher Education.

Moore, A., 2012. Teaching and learning: Pedagogy, curriculum and culture. Routledge.

Reay, D, Crozier, G, Clayton, J (2009).’ Strangers in Paradise’? Working-class students in Elite Universities. Sociology, 43(6): 1103-1121.

Reay, D, Davies, J, David, M and Ball, S J (2001) ‘Choices of degree or degrees of choice? Class, “race” and the higher education choice process’. Sociology, 35 (4), 855–74.

Whitty, G, Hayton, A, and Tang, S (2015) ‘Who you know, what you know and knowing the ropes: A review of evidence about access to higher education institutions in England’. Review of Education, 3 (1), 27–67.

Young, M (2008) Bringing knowledge back in: from social constructivism to social realism in the sociology of education, London Routledge.